The Pyrenean Ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica) is an ibex, one of the two subspecies of Spanish Ibex, extinct since January 2000. The subspecies once ranged across the Pyrenees in France and Spain and the surrounding area, including the Basque Country, Navarre, north Aragon and north Catalonia.
The last natural Pyrenean Ibex, a female named Celia, was found dead on January 6, 2000, next to a falling tree. Although her cause of death is known, the reason for the extinction of the subspecies as a whole is a mystery. Some hypotheses include the inability to compete with other species for food, infections and diseases, and poaching. The Pyrenean Ibex became the first taxon ever to become “un-extinct”, for a period of seven minutes in January 2009, when a cloned female Ibex was born alive and survived a short time, before dying from lung defects.